• The central axis of the Peace Tower with the flame in the foreground

    The central axis of the Peace Tower with the flame in the foreground

  • Looking southwest across the lawn from East Block towards the Centennial Flame

    Looking southwest across the lawn from East Block towards the Centennial Flame

  • Looking northeast toward East Block with the flame in the foreground

    Looking northeast toward East Block with the flame in the foreground

  • The flame burning through the water. The cap is emblazoned with the Centennial maple leaf

    The flame burning through the water. The cap is emblazoned with the Centennial maple leaf

  • Detail of the basin highlighting the granite lip and bronze armorial bearings

    Detail of the basin highlighting the granite lip and bronze armorial bearings

  • Plaque identifying the monument embedded in the pavers

    Plaque identifying the monument embedded in the pavers

Centennial Flame

Parliament Hill, Ottawa, ON |
Date(s): 1967

Initially lit on on the eve of 1967 by Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson,  the Centennial Flame occupies a key position within the forecourt of Parliament Hill  standing just inside the Queen’s Gates on axis with the Peace Tower.  Originally, the flame was intended to be temporary, installed as part of the year-long centennial celebrations, however due to significant public support it remains to this day in its original position.  The flame itself is located within the centre of the monument and burns natural gas allowing it to burn through harsh Ottawa winters.

The primary materials of the monument are red Canadian granite and bronze.  All of the provinces and territories that made up Confederation at the time of the Centennial are identified with their armorial bearing fashioned out of patina bronze and installed within the basin.  On the enlarge granite lip of the basin, the year each of the members joined Confederation is identified.  As Nunavut, was not a territorial member of Confederation in 1967, it is not represented by an armorial bearing.

The Centennial Flame is part of the National Historic Site Designation covering the public grounds of the Parliament Buildings.  Its identified character-defining elements include:  placement, location and extent.

Related Resources

Wikipedia Page

Historic Places

Nearby Modern Works